Dr. See Kok Fong

See Kok Fong 3  
Dr. See Kok Fong  
Phone: 04-653 4576  
Fax: 04-657 6000  
Email: kfsee@usm.my   
Applied Economics, Resource and Energy Economics, Air Transport Management  


Dr. See Kok Fong joined Universiti Sains Malaysia in 2011 as senior lecturer in economics. In 2017, he was a Taiwan Fellowship scholar supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from the Republic of China (Taiwan). A year later, he was awarded the prestigious Australia Awards - Endeavour Research Fellowship to undertake collaborative work at the University of Queensland. During his time pursuing research in Australia, he was selected to represent Malaysia in the 2018 ASEAN-Australia Special Summit along with other 37 New Colombo Plan Alumni, Australia Awards Scholars and Endeavour Scholars. In 2019-2020, he was also honoured with the prestigious Fulbright Award, which is one of the most recognized international awards, to conduct advanced research in the United States.

His research focuses on the analysis of efficiency and productivity, and his projects in this field have concerned areas as diverse as electricity, water supply, aviation, and health care. His works have been accepted and published in the top 25% of the journal category, which is indexed by the Journal Citations Reports (JCR), including Energy Economics, Energy Policy, European Journal of Operational Research, Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Journal of Cleaner Production, and Aquaculture. In 2017-2020, he has been a visiting scholar at several universities, including University of Massachusetts, City University of Applied Sciences, University of Queensland, National Taiwan University, Soochow University, Inner Mongolia University, and Nanjing Audit University.

Researcher ID: https://publons.com/researcher/3412022/kok-fong-see/

Scopus: https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=53464206000

ORCiD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3536-7131


Key Research Area:

  • Efficiency and Productivity Analysis
  • Resource and Energy Economics
  • Air Transport Economics
  • Healthcare Benchmarking Analysis


Recent Publications (as First/Corresponding author):* 

Article in Press

  1. Integrating group frontier and metafrontier directional distance functions to evaluate the efficiency of production units (with Yu, M.-M., Bo, H.), European Journal of Operational Research (Elsevier, Q1, IF: 5.334). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2021.10.054
  2. Developing an innovation capital index of global airlines using a hierarchical data envelopment analysis approach (with Yu, M.-M., Abdul Rashid, A.), Journal of the Operational Research Society (Taylor Francis, Q2, IF: 2.860). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01605682.2021.1923378


  1. Metafrontier efficiency analysis for hospital pharmacy services using dynamic network DEA framework (with Md Hamzah, N., Yu, M.-M.), Socio-Economic Planning Sciences (Elsevier, Q1, IF: 4.923), 2021, 78, 101044. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2021.101044
  2. Research efficiency analysis of China's university faculty members: A modified meta-frontier DEA approach (with Ma, Z., Yu, M.-M., Zhao, C.), Socio-Economic Planning Sciences (Elsevier, Q1, IF: 4.923), 2021, 76, 100944. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2020.100944
  3. Twenty years of water utility benchmarking: A bibliometric analysis of emerging interest in water research and collaboration (with Goh, K.H.), Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier, Q1, IF: 9.297), 2021, 284, 124711. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124711
  4. Aquaculture efficiency and productivity: A comprehensive review and bibliometric analysis (with Ibrahim, R.A., Goh, K.H.), Aquaculture (Elsevier, Q1, IF: 4.242), 2021, 544, 736881. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.736881
  5. Do hospital reform and ownership matter to Shenzhen hospitals in China? A productivity analysis (with Ng, Y.C.), Economic Analysis and Policy (Elsevier, Q2, IF: 2.497), 2021, 72, pp. 145–155. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eap.2021.06.008
  6. Assessing the efficiency of Malaysia health system in COVID-19 prevention and treatment response (with Md Hamzah, N., Yu, M.-M.), Health Care Management Science (Springer, Q2, IF: 2.893), 2021, 24(2), pp. 273–285. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10729-020-09539-9
  7. Four decades of airline productivity and efficiency studies: A review and bibliometric analysis (with Yakath Ali, N.S., Yu, C.), Journal of Air Transport Management (Elsevier, Q2, IF: 4.134), 2021, 96, 102099. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2021.102099
  8. Measuring the productivity growth of Malaysia's water sector: Implications for regulatory reform (with Goh, K.H.), Utilities Policy (Elsevier, Q3, IF: 2.812), 2021, 71, 101198. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2021.101198
  9. Differential diffusion of pharmaceutical innovations in a mixed market middle - income economy (with Md Hamzah, N.), BMC Health Services Research (Springer, Q3, IF: 2.655), 2021, 21(1), 1119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-06786-6

*Quartiles (Q1/Q2/Q3) and Impact Factor (IF) are reported in the 2020 Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate Analytics).


  • JKE 215 Microeconomics
  • JKE 217 Research Methods in Economics
  • JKE 319 Intermediate Microeconomics



Taiwan Fellowship, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Republic of China (Taiwan).


  1. Australia Awards - Endeavour Research Fellowship, Department of Education and Training, Australia.
  2. USM’s Hall of Fame 2018, Publication (Journal), Universiti Sains Malaysia.


USM’s Hall of Fame 2019, Publication (Journal), Universiti Sains Malaysia.


Fulbright Visiting Scholar Award, US Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.